In first grade, my team teaches kids about Pablo Picasso and cubism. We do this lesson within the last two weeks of October (because Pablo Picasso was born on October 25th). This lesson is a fun way to tie in social studies and art.
Facts about Pablo Picasso:
- Born October 25, 1881
- Died April 8, 1973
- Pablo Picasso is most known for his introduction of cubism.
- In Cubist artwork, objects are analyzed, broken up and reassembled in an abstracted form.
What each student needs:
- orange construction paper 9″x12″
- purple/magenta construction paper 9″x12″
- brown construction paper 1″x3″
- green construction paper 3″x4″
- yellow construction paper 4″x6″
- glue bottle
- Introduce Pablo Picasso to your class. If you have a display board with some of his artwork it’s a great visual for the students. Otherwise, try to pull up some art on the computer. Tell them that they will be using cubism to create a pumpkin picture. Talk about the shapes you find in a pumpkin: circles, ovals, squares, trapezoids, triangles, diamonds, etc.
- Tell your class NOT to write or cut until instructed. Pass out a piece of orange construction paper to each student. Place one on the whiteboard so you can demonstrate.
- Start by showing the students how to draw a large oval or circle. They should try to use up most of the paper (even when you say to use the majority of the paper, you will have a few super tiny pumpkins). After you demonstrate, the students may draw their oval/circle.
- Next, show the students how to draw a line down the middle of the circle. Make sure all of the students have made their line down the center before going on to the next step.
- On the right half, you will have the students draw a line to section it in half.
- On the left half, you will have the students two diagonal lines to the section it into three pieces.
- Have the student number the different sections in either clockwise or counter-clockwise. This is so when they cut out the individual pieces they will be able to put it together easily (like a puzzle).
- Cut out each piece and rebuild the circle (numbers facing up) with just a little space between the pieces.
- Put glue on the numbered side of the pumpkin pieces.
- The teacher (and helpers) can walk around and help place the purple/magenta construction paper on top of the orange pieces. Press down and smooth out, then flip over to see your pumpkin.
- Now you can add the stem, leaves, and even a Jack-O-Lantern face.